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Baixa do Sul

General Rating 
Very Good
Marine Life Rating 
Very Good
Seafloor/Scenery Rating 




10 min do Porto da Madalena


Average Depth 
Maximum Depth 
Dive Types 
Coastal Reef
Ideal place for 
Underwater photography
Diving Experience 
Advanced Open Water

Baixa do Sul

The third of the three reefs located in the Pico-Faial channel, the Baixa do Sul (South Reef) is the longest and shallowest, with quite spectacular geological formations.

Located far from the coast of Pico Island, about three miles from the Madalena Islets, there are often strong currents at this site, which means conditions are ideal for spotting a large variety of fish, especially large pelagic species.

The Baixa do Sul starts at a depth of 6 metres, where you are immediately faced with a unique landscape of extensive rock platforms at different depths. These take you all the way down to 50 metres.

As you begin to explore the platforms, you will find a curious geological phenomena, known as ‘erosion calderas’ or ‘giant’s holes’, which can be up to 8 metres deep and 3 metres wide.

At any depth from 6 to 50 metres, you can see pelagic species: bluefish (Pomatomus saltator), Atlantic bonitos (Sarda sarda), skipjack tunas (Katsuwonus pelamis), white trevallies (Pseudocaranx dentex), yellowmouth barracudas (Sphyraena viridensis), and Almaco jacks (Seriola rivoliana).

You may also see majestic devil rays (Mobula tarapacana) or ocean sunfish (Mola mola) gliding around the reef.